How to read and understand a scientific article. While I encourage you to go read the comments and contribute your own, here I want to focus on the much larger issue that this debate raised: Getting the science wrong has very real consequences. But when you get proof, accept proof.
International Public Library Subject Specific software e. Check out public and university libraries, businesses, government agencies, as well as contact knowledgeable people in your community.
Bookmark your favorite Internet sites. Printout, photocopy, and take notes of relevant information. As you gather your resources, jot down full bibliographical information author, title, place of publication, publisher, date of publication, page numbers, URLs, creation or modification dates on Web pages, and your date of access on your work sheet, printout, or enter the information on your laptop or desktop computer for later retrieval.
If printing from the Internet, it is wise to set up the browser to print the URL and date of access for every page. Remember that an article without bibliographical information is useless since you cannot cite its source. If you are not sure, ask your teacher whether your paper requires it.
A thesis statement is a main idea, a central point of your research paper. The arguments you provide in your paper should be based on this cenral idea, that is why it is so important. Do some critical thinking and write your thesis statement down in one sentence.
Your research paper thesis statement is like a declaration of your belief. The main portion of your essay will consist of arguments to support and defend this belief. It is impossible to create a thesis statement immediately when you have just started fulfilling your assignment.
Before you write a thesis statement, you should collect, organize and analyze materials and your ideas.
You cannot make a finally formulated statement before you have completed your reseach paper. It will naturally change while you develop your ideas. Stay away from generic and too fuzzy statements and arguments. Use a particular subject.
The paper should present something new to the audience to make it interesting and educative to read. Avoid citing other authors in this section. Present your own ideas in your own words instead of simply copying from other writers.
A thesis statement should do the following: Explain the readers how you interpret the subject of the research Tell the readers what to expect from your paper Answer the question you were asked Present your claim which other people may want to dispute Make sure your thesis is strong.
If you have time and opportunity, show it to your instructor to revise. Otherwise, you may estimate it yourself. Does my statement answer the question of my assignment? Can my position be disputed or opposed? If not, maybe you have just provided a summary instead of creating an argument.
Is my statement precise enough? It should not be too general and vague. Does the body of my manuscript support my thesis, or are they different things? Compare them and change if necessary. Remember that changing elements of your work in the process of writing and reviewing is normal.
A well-prepared thesis means well-shaped ideas. It increases credibility of the paper and makes good impression about its author. More helpful hints about Writing a Research Paper.
Materials and Methods Results what are the results obtained Discussion and Conclusion etc. An informal outline working outline is a tool helping an author put down and organize their ideas. It is subject to revision, addition and canceling, without paying much attention to form.Downloadable Instructions and Form Files PHS Instructions - 1/ Revision PDF ( KB) PHS Fillable Forms - 1/ Revision.
The links below allow for the downloading of individual and combined form files in MS Word and PDF formats. Writing Research Papers Complete Guide grupobittia.com Free Download Here Writing Your Research Paper: A Step-by-Step Checklist grupobittia.com Once you have done your research and have written a draft of your paper, tutors in the Writing Center in Knapp Hall can assist you in developing your ideas and revising your document.
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