Racing career[ edit ] Winner of a maiden race at age two inthe following year the three-year-old Urban Sea won two listed races in her seven starts, capturing the French Prix de la Seine at Longchamp Racecourse in May and the Challenge d'Or Piaget at Deauville-La Touques Racecourse. Urban Sea began her campaign in March with a win in the Prix Exbury.
At the halfway mark of her research, she has found several challenges for the North Sea: The research project consists of three components. Firstly, a broad historical overview of major influences on the North Sea and its development since World War II offers a starting point for understanding the North Sea as an urbanised space.
Secondly, Couling mapped out the North Sea by gathering fragments of information from the different countries that control parts of the North Sea. Site visits are the final aspect of the research.
Field trips to different types of shorescapes help clarify specific aspects of the North Sea: Shipping in the ports of the Humber estuary, UK; natural heritage and offshore wind farm development in the Wadden Sea on the German coast; oil and gas production in the southern part of Norway.
Each location comes with a juxtaposition.
On the one hand, the North Sea is an industrialised space and productive landscape, on the other hand the sea is a cultural space with a rich heritage and environmental value. The field trips also reveal the human side of the North Sea, the impact on people and their daily lives. Norway Couling visited Norway and conducted multiple interviews with people, all tied to the North Sea in one way or another.
FromNorway became an oil nation. This turn towards the mining and distribution of oil in the North Sea has heavily impacted the development of the country as a whole and the physical relation with the North Sea in particular.
Through the interviews it became clear that many people who work offshore love it. Their crew becomes their second family. Many of the interviewees note they love the sea and their work, and the fact that jobs are not standard office jobs, but shift work that allows a lot of free time in between.
Changing patterns Working on the North Sea is both unique and extreme. People are willingly being pushed to their limits. There are fixed transport routes with containers and a limited amount of ferries and cruises on these northern waters.
There is some fishing going on, but the North Sea is primarily an industrialized landscape. Changing patterns and new developments, however, change the way the North Sea is being used. Due to the warmer water temperatures, fish are moving further north in search of colder waters.
This changes the patterns and uses of the North Sea. UK fishermen have limited fishing rights in Icelandic waters, and caught fish from Iceland, is transported back to the UK for processing. Existing infrastructure for this industry is less mobile and flexible than people and the fish themselves.
Energy transition also changes the movement of people on sea. Wind farms, for example, require a lot of maintenance, as well as converter platforms, for the generated energy.
The necessary man power to conduct the maintenance has resulted in the use of floating hotel boats, to make the wind farms easily accessible to the crews. The effects of these rapidly approaching changes can hardly be overseen. Brexit will further impact the urbanisation processes of the North Sea and future collaboration needs to be resolved.
It is necessary to find a form of above-national level collaboration for North Sea governance, which is not necessarily the EU. One tool implemented by the EU is new legislation in which marine spatial planning will become mandatory from 31 March Aside from the changing productive patterns, the North Sea is also a cultural space.
The challenge is to leave space or create new space for cultural, heritage, and environmental values, in order to make the North Sea a common space. Different people from different fields are necessary to develop new perspectives.Urbanization typically means economic growth and a growing middle class.
Some fear that this new wave of urbanization may come without the usual economic development. One analysis found that while Southeast Asian economies usually grew along with urbanization, the amount of the increase varied significantly across the region. . The southern Malaysian region of Iskandar, which includes Johor Baru, is a classic example of the opportunities - and challenges - that come with the rapid urbanisation that is taking South-east.
South-East Asia is less advanced in its urbanization with its urban population having increased from 32% to 42% between and Malaysia's urban population rose from 50% to 72%, while that of Indonesia increased from 31% to 44%.
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