Ethics What is Ethics? Ethics is the branch of study dealing with what is the proper course of action for man.
Work not for a reward; but never cease to do thy work. The Bhagavad Gita2: This view can of course be expressed with varying degrees of consistency. The radical version says that whatever a sovereign or ruling power has established is indeed just: But this compels us to accept the inconvenient conclusion that norms which contradict each other may be equally legitimate and equally just.
Selected Essays [Basic Books,pp. Most fundamental is whether morality is a matter of rational knowledge or not.
If it is a matter of rational knowledge, then our doctrine would be objectivism, which implies that morality is "out there," in the objects, and so is independent of personal preferences or sentiments. If it is not a matter of rational knowledge, then we could subscribe to subjectivism, that morality is indeed a matter of personal preferences or sentiments, in the subject, i.
David Humeis very properly often cited as the classic representative of subjectivism, as in the ethics textbook Moral Reasoning, by Victor Grassian, which I used to use in my ethics class.
To Hume, morality depends on our own sentiments or feelings, as there is no matter of fact to determine moral truth [ note ]. This is the second part of our argument; and if it can be made evident, we may conclude, that morality is not an object of reason Wilful murder, for instance. Examine it in all lights, and see if you can find that matter of fact, or real existence, which you call vice.
In which-ever way you take it, you find only certain passions, motives, volitions and thoughts. There is no other matter of fact in the case. The vice entirely escapes you, as long as you consider the object.
You never can find it, till you turn your reflexion into your own breast, and find a sentiment of disapprobation, which arises in you, towards this action.
It lies in yourself, not in the object. So that when you pronounce any action or character to be vicious, you mean nothing, but that from the constitution of your nature you have a feeling or sentiment of blame from the contemplation of it.
I have my feelings and you have yours. It is not uncommon, however, for people to think that others disagree with them on moral issues, not because of different feelings, but because of a lack of feeling.
We see this in an example given by Victor Grassian, who recalls responding at the time to a speech by Secretary of State Dean Rusk on the war in Vietnam. At that moment, it appeared to me that the Secretary of State simply did not feel sufficient sympathy for the vast suffering of human beings who were being sacrificed for unclear ideals of American security.
As I listened to Rusk, my predominant reaction was not to argue with him rationally, but in some sense to shake him into an emotional realization of the enormity of human suffering we as a nation were creating in Vietnam.
There are no "unclear ideals of American security" involved. As it happens, more people were murdered in Indo-China after the Communist takeovers than had died in the wars there that involved France and the United States [cf.
Death by Government, by R. Many Vietnamese and Cambodian refugees live in the United States after fleeing the terror often as "boat people" of the new regimes. Joan Baez but with compacency by others e. Basing a moral argument, with an appeal to feeling, on only part of a story of suffering, has also occurred in relation to the invasion of Iraq by the United States in Many antiwar protesters express outrage over the suffering to the Iraqi people caused by the United States in military actions in Iraq.
She asked to talk to them about why it is important to topple Hussein. The protesters thanked her, turned and walked away. But Saddam is an Arab leader who has killed more Arabs than Israel ever has.
They deny us our stories. As a matter of fact, examined elsewherefeeling cannot be morally commanded; and so the approach of insufficient feeling for moral correctness is barking up the wrong tree [ note ].
If morality is not just a matter of feeling, but of rational knowledge, we then must face the question of how that works. This is addressed in detail elsewhere. There is no more verification of self-evident propositions than there is of those based on feeling.Jul 01, · If you work as a counselor, ethical dilemmas are inevitable.
Your client may reveal she once committed a felony or that her spouse abuses her, and you have to decide whether to report this.
The Importance of Ethics in the Workplace Essay Words | 7 Pages. The Importance of Ethics in the Workplace In their personal and professional lives, people can and, unfortunately, sometimes do go against their moral and ethical standards.
Ethical standards are what it means to be a good person, the social rules that govern our behavior. The Importance of Ethical Behaviour For citizens, even for those of us with no aspirations in a career in law enforcement, morality and integrity are important characteristics to demonstrate.
We instinctively know that it is good to be moral and act with integrity, but by coming to an understanding of the reasons for morality and integrity, we will be motivated to champion such behaviour.
Updated 24 November, Lifeboat Ethics: the Case Against Helping the Poor by Garrett Hardin, Psychology Today, September For copyright permission, click here.. Environmentalists use the metaphor of the earth as a "spaceship" in trying to persuade countries, industries and people to stop wasting and polluting our natural resources.
FAITH | LEARNING | COMMUNITY. In the way of Jesus, St Joseph’s Catholic High School aspires to respect and celebrate the dignity of all. Inspired by the life of St Joseph, the school promotes a culture of faith, justice and service.
This article highlights the points that throw some light on the importance of computer ethics and how they contribute into a better and safe usage of computers in our daily life. Techspirited Staff With the introduction of computers globally in the s, the entire approach of working, communicating and storing important information has been changed.