Shias are primarily Zaidi and also have significant minorities of Twelver   and Ismaili Shias. Education in Yemen According to composite data compiled by the World Bank, the adult literacy rate for Yemen in was 35 percent for females and 73 percent for males.
Tribal influences remain very strong in Yemen, resulting in a complicated political system. The so-called Akhdam — descendants of immigrants of African origin — form a neglected Yemeni underclass.
This is twice the population density of Brazil, half of that of Turkey, roughly the same as that of Iran, and slightly higher than that of the United States. A large part of Yemen is virtually uninhabitable, consisting of desert or steeply mountainous terrain, so Yemen gives the impression of a populous and busy country.
Women are also increasingly present in public spaces. The annual growth rate has dropped from 4. Inthe median age was Officially, Yemen counted just over This may, however, be a conservative estimate.
Projected population numbers hover around the alarming figure of 30 million in and a peak of 40 million in The growth of the urban population has been slow in Yemen, but it has accelerated, from a low of Population growth The average Yemeni family produces many children.
In fact, Yemeni women were, for decades, the most Population analysis of yemen in the world, bearing an average of more than seven children. Only since has this number dropped, to a low of 4. This was achieved after a long and broad national campaign for birth control, supported by tribal elders and influential religious leaders.
Today, the average number of children per family in towns is decreasing. However, birth control is still very controversial in remote mountain villages.
Because many Yemenis live in isolated rural areas, the population growth rate remains high and will continue so for many years to come. The width of the mountain range ranges from to kilometres. In length, it stretches across all of western Yemen, extending well into the southern Saudi provinces of Jizan and Asir.
The mountains are high: Jabal al-Nabi Shuayb, at 3, metres, is the highest in the Arabian Peninsula. It has alpine vegetation and a military base on its summit.
On average, the mountains are about 2, metres high, making the range a substantial barrier to humid air blowing in from Africa and the Red Sea. As a result, there is sufficient rain to feed a large population.
The fertile mountains around the southern town of Ibb are green all year round. Rain-fed agriculture abounds in the mountains, which are adorned with ancient terraces, some laboriously maintained, others neglected.
The largest towns are found along the spine of the mountain range, with the capital, Sanaa, in the middle and the third largest town, Taizz, in the south. There are also many medium-sized towns between them and in their vicinities.
The mountains in the north are significantly more arid and consequently much more thinly populated. As few as 25, inhabitants live in Saada, the northernmost town of Yemen, which was, like Taizz, once the capital.
Beyond the southern end of the mountain range lies hot and humid Aden. Over the centuries, its strategic position and natural port have stimulated its growth, making Aden the second largest city in Yemen. Yemen most populated areas Village in sparsely populated area Photo: Nearly all Yemenis are believed to be ethnically of southern Arab origin and are traditionally considered descendants of Qahtan although through the centuries they mixed with Persians, Indians, and others.
Many Arabs regard Yemen as their sometimes distant land of origin. There is also a small minority of Shiite Ismailis. There used to be many Jews, but the present Jewish community numbers only a few hundred. The qabila, or tribe, is of major importance in Yemen.
City inhabitants also call themselves tribal, for the qabail the plural of qabila are a source of both historical pride and present-day identity.
People sometimes find it helpful to refer to their tribe in order to get elected, to be protected, to find a job, or even to get permission to build a house. The tribes therefore dominate Yemeni politics. Legend has it that Yemen was founded by Qahtan, the father of the southern Arabs.
Qahtan is said to be the father of Yemen and the forefather of Saba, eponym of the kingdom of Saba Sheba. Saba had two sons, Himyar and Kahlan.Situation analysis Yemen ranked out of countries on the Human Development Index in In , 42,7% of the population lived below the national poverty line.
Read chapter World Population Problems: The Growth of World Population: Analysis of the Problems and Recommendations for Research and Training. The population of Yemen was about 28 million according to estimates, with 46% of the population being under 15 years old and % above 65 years.
In , it was million.
In , it was million. Analysis Interpretation of the news based on evidence, including data, as well as anticipating how events might unfold based on past events. Most of Yemen’s population is on the brink of famine.
Total population of Yemen Yemen: Estimated total population from to (in million inhabitants) This statistic shows the total population of Yemen from to Yemen is one of the least developed countries in the world with the vast majority of its population in rural and tribal areas, and it's seen many conflicts and civil wars in recent history.
The population is more than 5x larger than its population of million, and Yemen has a young population as well, with almost half of its people.