How to Write a Summary of an Article? Philosophy Does God Exist God: Philosophy is a subject that can take many twists and turns before it finds an answer to a general question Wippel, Wolter God is real to many, but not real to others.
Search Arguments for the Existence of God Over the centuries, there have been many attempts by religious philosophers to prove the existence of God, and a canon of classic arguments has been developed. Not all of these arguments have their origins in Christian philosophy; Jewish and Muslim philosophers have made significant contributions to the philosophy of religion, and both Plato and Aristotle have influenced its development.
Recent decades have seen a rise in interest in natural Philosophy essay god and the philosophy of religion.
Each of the classic theistic proofs has been revived and refined, presented in revised form and defended afresh. Whether any of these arguments for the existence of God is successful, of course, remains controversial.
The Arguments for the Existence of God section sets out to explain each of the common philosophical arguments for theism, and so to explore the case for the existence of God.
Arguments for the Existence of God The arguments themselves are arranged under the following headings: There are, however, two preliminary issues to be dealt with: It is in our interests to believe in God, the argument suggests, and it is therefore rational for us to do so.
The claim that it is in our interests to believe in God is supported by a consideration of the possible consequences of belief and unbelief. If we believe in God, the argument runs, then if he exists then we will receive an infinite reward in heaven while if he does not then Philosophy essay god have lost little or nothing.
If we do not believe in God, the argument continues, then if he exists then we will receive an infinite punishment in hell while he does not then we will have gained little or nothing. Either receiving an infinite reward in heaven or losing little or nothing is clearly preferable to either receiving an infinite punishment in hell or gaining little or nothing.
It is therefore in our interests, and so rational, to believe in God. The Ontological Argument The ontological argument is an argument that attempts to prove the existence of God through abstract reasoning alone.
The argument begins with an explication of the concept of God. To speak of God as a perfect being is therefore to imply that he exists. To say that God does not exist is to contradict oneself; it is literally to speak nonsense.
The Cosmological Argument The cosmological argument is the argument from the existence of the world or universe to the existence of a being that brought it into and keeps it in existence. It comes in two forms, one modal having to do with possibility and the other temporal having to do with time.
The modal cosmological argument, the argument from contingencysuggests that because the universe might not have existed i. Whereever there are two possibilities, it suggests, something must determine which of those possibilities is realised.
As the universe is contingent, then, there must be some reason for its existence; it must have a cause. In fact, the only kind of being whose existence requires no explanation is a necessary being, a being that could not have failed to exist.
The ultimate cause of everything must therefore be a necessary being, such as God. The temporal kalam cosmological argumentbegins by arguing that the past is finite. The idea that the universe has an infinite past stretching back in time into infinity is, the argument notes, both philosophically and scientifically problematic; all indications are that there is a point in time at which the universe began to exist.
This beginning must either have been caused or uncaused. It cannot have been uncaused, though, for the idea of an uncaused event is absurd; nothing comes from nothing.
The universe must therefore have been brought into existence by something outside it. The kalam argument thus confirms one element of Christianity, the doctrine of Creation.
The Teleological Argument The teleological argument is the argument from the order in the world to the existence of a being that created it with a specific purpose in mind.
The universe is a highly complex system. The scale of the universe alone is astounding, and the natural laws that govern it perplex scientists still after generations of study. It is also, however, a highly ordered system; it serves a purpose.
The world provides exactly the right conditions for the development and sustenance of life, and life is a valuable thing. That this is so is remarkable; there are numerous ways in which the universe might have been different, and the vast majority of possible universes would not have supported life.
To say that the universe is so ordered by chance is therefore unsatisfactory as an explanation of the appearance of design around us. It is far more plausible, and far more probable, that the universe is the way it is because it was created by God with life in mind.
The Moral Argument The moral argument is the argument from the existence or nature of morality to the existence of God. Two forms of moral argument are distinguished: The formal moral argument takes the form of morality to imply that it has a divine origin: The perfectionist moral argument sets up a problem: The only way to resolve this paradox, the argument suggests, is to posit the existence of God.Welcome to Philosophy Now the bi-monthly magazine for everyone interested in ideas.
Published since , it is the winner of the Bertrand Russell Society Award. Philosophy of Religion: The Existence of God Introduction One of the religious issues that philosophy explores is the existence of God.
Philosophy has attempted to prove that God exists, and the way that the discipline has used is analyzing the mind and engaging the perspectives on . Essays, Term Papers, Book Reports, Research Papers on Philosophy. Free Papers and Essays on God Existence.
We provide free model essays on Philosophy, God Existence reports, and term paper samples related to God Existence. The Philosophy of Atheism This Essay The Philosophy of Atheism and other 64,+ term papers, college essay examples and free essays are available now on grupobittia.com Autor: review • December 15, • Essay • 2, Words (12 Pages) • Views.
Summary: The philosophy of religion is the philosophical exploration of religious matters. Conceptual analyses of the varying conceptions of God, philosophical arguments for and against the existence of a deity (or deities), epistemological concerns about the rationality of religious belief, philosophical discussions of the theological claims of religious doctrines, and questions of life after.
Guidelines on Writing a Philosophy Paper explains the kind of reasoning necessary for writing a philosophy essay as well as detailing the stages of writing a philosophy paper. The tips on philosophy writing are well considered and clearly explained by Prof.
Jim Pryor of New York University.