Buddhism Hinduism No "value judgement" is implied by this list.
Judaism[ edit ] For much of its history, the Jewish religion was administered by priests, a class of Jewish citizens who were given social, economic, and political power far beyond that of just performing the sacred rites of the people.
They were second in power only to the kings;  when the Romans took over, it was the priestly class that they were most worried about. Abraham is considered the first Jewish priest, though the line formally began with his great-grandson, Levi.
Of course, no women were allowed to be priests 4, years ago. Rabbis[ edit ] See the main article on this topic: Rabbi In modern times, Jewish rites are performed by the rabbi, a Jewish scholar and teacher. A rabbi is specifically not a priest, as the priestly class the Kohanim still exist, and while they still must abide by certain restrictions, modern Jewish priests serve few special functions.
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Rabbis oversee community rituals such as the brisweddings and funerals. Christianity[ edit ] Churches of sacramental traditions including Roman CatholicOrthodoxOriental Orthodox and Anglican Communions, some Lutheran churches, and multiple smaller communities maintain a priesthood.
Within the Roman Catholic Church, some typically archbishops are also cardinals, whose powers include electing a Pope when the old one dies or resigns. Somewhat controversially, Catholic priests make promises of celibacy. For major denominations in North Americatraining is provided in seminaries and is usually offered as a graduate degree Master of Divinity.
The Church can and does punish priests for disciplinary or doctrinal misdeeds by forbidding them to act in priestly capacity.
In Orthodox churches, a person can be "defrocked," removing a previous ordination. Women cannot hold positions of religious authority in these sects, except leading a community of nuns as an abbess.
Anglican and liberal Lutheran churches ordain women priests  and at least some branches have women bishops. In essence, every male teenager in good standing in the LDS is ordained in the junior "Aaronic" priesthood order.
This is related to the concept of the priesthood of all believers. But there was still a need for someone to perform rituals, teach the faithful about their faith, and generally be a moral pain in the butt for the " sinners. They are guides, and as the titles suggest, should be held in high honor, but are not themselves a special set or sect of people.
Anyone can call themselves a minister without any formal training or organized rite and legitimacy. However, the larger denominations of Protestant Christianity require formal advanced theological training, usually at a university. Islam[ edit ] An imam is a Muslim religious leader.
Anyone can become an imam. One does not have to attend special schools or be appointed by the larger religious community. Only recently have any women stepped into the role, always in so-called western style mosques, and always bringing up serious controversy where it occurs. Monasticism Monks and nuns are people who choose or are pressured to devote their lives to religious worship, and set themselves aside at least for a given time from the rest of society for such solitary practice.
While they may reside with others, the core tenet of being a monk or nun is this personal, solitary focus on devotion.
Christian monasticism[ edit ] In Christianity, monks and nuns are individuals who wish to devote their life to the worship of God. While they may serve as teachers, unless they are ordained they are not considered to have any of the intercessory powers of priests.
Their religious activity is personal and private.Index of Cults and Religions. By the Staff of Watchman Fellowship, Inc. Introduction. This Index contains brief definitions, descriptions or cross references on over 1, religious organizations and beliefs, as well as world religions (including Christianity) and related doctrines.
The term "clergy" describes official religious leadership in a religion. Those within the clergy are referred to as clergyman, priests, and clerics, among other titles depending on religion and ranking.
This page identifies some of the major categories of religious leaders and compares their roles. Religions of the world Menu: Comparing different religions & faith groups. Sponsored link. Overview: Elsewhere in this web site, we describe the beliefs, practices, history, etc.
of dozens of different religions separately.. This section compares and contrasts the beliefs and practices of. Filed in Anglican/Episcopalian, Catholicism, Religious titles archbishop of Canterbury The archbishop of Canterbury is the spiritual head of the Anglican Communion, of which the Episcopal Church is part, and is the most senior bishop of the Church of England.
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Edgar Cayce. The Sleeping Prophet. Edgar Cayce (March 18, - January 3, ) was an American who claimed to be a psychic with the ability to channel answers to questions on various topics while in a self-induced trance.