Explore the Craft of Writing Poetry The Three Poetry Groups Poetry can be broken down into three main groups or directions, lyrical, narrative and dramatic. Although all have their roots in music, all three were originally sung and chanted, the musical element has always been secondary to the narrative and the dramatic while lyrical poetry is often still sung.
Works Cited Abrams, M. A Glossary of Literary Terms. Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, The Modern Library, Ducrot, Owsald, and Tzvetan Todorov. John Hopkins UP, The Collected essays and criticism.
University of Chicago Press, Hugh and William Harmon, Eds. A Handbook to Literature. Forrest's Computer Art Gallery. Princeton Encyclopedia of Poetry and Poetics. Cassell's Encyclopedia of Literature. Notes narrative, lyric, drama Narrative, Lyric, and Drama are the three general literary forms into which writingespecially poetryhas traditionally been grouped.
A narrative tells a story or a tale; drama is presented on a stage, where actors embody characters; lyric has been loosely defined as any short poem other than narrative and drama, where poets express their state of mind. Narrative Narrative or story telling developed from ritualistic chanting of myths, and has traditionally been grouped into two poetic categories, epic and ballad.
The stories were not memorized as is generally assumed but instead bards improvised oral chants, relying on heavy alliterative and assonantal techniques, which seemed to put both the bard and the audience into a trance Preminger An epic is a long non-stanzaic "poem on a great and serious subject, told in an elevated style, and centered on a heroic or quasi-divine figure on whose actions depends the fate of a tribe, a nation, or the human race" Abrams Typical figures include demi-gods, kings, and military heroes.
Even a millennium before Homer, bards were recording an already ancient oral tradition of epic poems in Sumer and Egypt Preminger More modern epic poems have been recorded in Spain and France, the Ottoman Empire, and as late as the 20th century in the Balkans.
Stylistically similar to epics, the ballads are story poems that could be chanted in groups about common people. When written down, they are typically divided into abcb -rhymed stanzas to emphasize the elements of song.
Repetitive frames are also frequent within the poem, and the narrative itself is episodic and abrupt in transitions. Common themes include courage in war and stories of love. During the Middle Ages, narrative poems transformed into courtly romance stories — Christian stories about heroic knights and the spiritual temptations they face on their journey, such as the Arthurian legends.
Many of these stories also reduced to religious allegories, such as the epics of saints' lives. Drama Drama in Western civilization has had two parallel beginnings, both related to religious celebration: In his Poetics, Aristotle defines drama as being made up of Plot, Characters, Diction, Thought or proprietySpectacle such as scenery, lights, and special effectsand Melody musical accompaniment [see melos, opsis, lexis ].
This elaborate definition has since been revised and narrowed down to "a story told in action by actors who impersonate the characters of the story" Holman Ancient Greek drama arose from the dithyramb, a song and dance celebration in honor of the wine god Dionysus.
In the first staged plays, the dramatists added a non-chorus character that spoke to the chorus; the main plot was the tension that arose from their question and answer dialogue.
Plays in other cultures such as Ancient Egypt, China, and Japan likewise began from celebrations of gods. Eventually, dramatists added more characters and complicated the plots.
The Romans inherited and built upon the Greek dramatic form; together, the Greek tragedies and Roman comedies provided a basic foundation for European drama until as late as the 19th century once they were rediscovered in the Renaissance.
Drama had a second beginning in the church plays of medieval Europe. Church fathers wrote religious plays as a way of staging Biblical stories during religious holidays. They often built makeshift stages on carts that were used to move around towns between performances.
Typical Bible stories included the creation, Noah's ark, the crucifixion, and the apocalypse. Drama has often been the site of extreme controversy.Epic poems are usually quite long, much longer than lyric poems, which are short by definition.
The most famous epic poems, "The Iliad" and "The Odyssey," both written by Homer, are as long as a contemporary novel. Lyric poetry: The expression of personal emotions or thoughts in poem, with a melody or musical quality.
Sonnet: A poem with 14 lines usually written in iambic pentameter. Honey Faye Peñaloza. LYRIC POEM Sonnet Number 18, by William Shakespeare Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?
Thou art more lovely and more temperate. Transcript of NARRATIVE VS. LYRIC POETRY. Form tells a story told by a narrator includes sequence of events and characters can rhyme but doesn't have to Types Examples Lyric vs.
Narrative Poetry THANK YOU! Epic-usually quite long, often book-length .
a long narrative poem about the adventures of a hero of great historic or legendary importance, the setting is vast and the action is often given cosmic siginifcance though the intervention of supernatural forces such as gods, angels, or demons.
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