Therapy Rogers himself is a good example of creative person at work which he continued to expand and revise his theory.
More Essay Examples on Psychology Rubric The essay will then be brought to a conclusion, drawing together the main points and ideas from the essay. He was one of six children who grew up in a fundamentalist Christian family. While he once felt he was called to become a Christian minister he eventually went on to embark on a career as a clinical psychologist.
Rogers found it increasingly difficult to adapt to the ideas of behaviourism and psychoanalysis so he began to formulate his own ideas from his personal experience with clients and thus created client-centred therapy Thorne, It is concerned with the human as an organic being and values human nature above the more scientific theories.
It focuses on how the person experiences and perceives themselves and the world around them, whilst also believing the person to be continually in a process of growth.
According to Richard Gross, humanistic theories are concerned with characteristics that are distinctly and uniquely human.
He describes how we have first-hand experience of ourselves as people and therefore are the experts on understanding our own behaviour.
He also explains that Rogers himself saw human nature in a very optimistic light and believed that people are generally good and healthy Gross, A main humanistic belief is that of the actualizing tendency. Rogers himself believed this was a natural part of every human and that it was the single motivation present in every human being to maintain itself, grow, improve and move towards their full potential Mearns and Thorne, It is clear that he believed it was the fundamental force that drives the person towards fulfilment and development.
Rogers believed that the individual perceives experiences and objects in the world around them and attaches meaning and value to them. The self-concept describes how a person views him or herself and is developed over time. It is dependent on the attitudes of the significant people around them, how they relate to the world and their own perceptions of themselves.
While a person moves naturally towards self-actualization this can be seriously hindered by what Rogers described as conditions of worth. This concept will be explored fully later in this essay.
In an ideal world where parents were unconditional in their love for their child, the child would not have to adapt to suit their parents, therefore self-actualizing and growing in to a fully functioning person without any conditions of worth Merry, John Mcleod explains that from a very early age a child has a strong need to be loved and valued, usually by the significant people in their life, particularly their parents.
However the love or approval from parents is not always unconditional and the child may find it difficult to grow with an acceptance of themselves and will begin to mould themselves, their behaviours and feelings in the way that is acceptable and approved of by their parents.
Rogers described these as conditions of worth. Tony Merry explains that babies begin to learn that some things are acceptable and some are not.
Behaviour that their parents find acceptable will be rewarded and anything they do not believe is acceptable will be less rewarded or looked upon with negativity. Because of this the child will grow up wanting certain types of experiences, generally those that create positive reactions in people Merry Richard Nelson-Jones describes this as a learned need for positive regard from others that will remain throughout childhood and continue in to adulthood.
Merry describes that someone who has acquired many conditions of worth and whose self-concept is distorted would become incongruent, this means that their conditioned self and their natural, organismic self would not match up.
They would search for positive regard from others and have little faith in their own judgments and opinions; they would trust others evaluations and ideas above their own.
Rogers describes this as having an external locus of evaluation rather than an internal locus of evaluation.
The person looks for confirmation from outside sources rather than themselves. This would ultimately cause very low self-esteem and self-confidence. Furthermore, if the persons conditioned self and organismic self are un-matching this may cause increasing confusion, tension, anxiety and depression in adult life.
Rogers believed that the necessary treatment for these dysfunctions was for the person to experience the correct conditions within a therapeutic relationship.
The person would then be able to dissolve these conditions of worth and gradually their organismic and conditioned selves would merge.In this essay, the theory of person centred counselling and skills for best practice will be identified.
This will also show the use of my listening. This essay will offer a brief description about some of the main concepts in Carl Rogers’ person centred theory.
Mainly covering topics such as his philosophy of theory, his theory of personality, how we acquire dysfunction and how we treat dysfunction.
Carl Roger’s Person-Centered Theory that related to myself 1. On the 19 June , I received offer letter to pursue my studies in degree which make me in dilemma either I should accept the offer or not. Person-centred counselling is a humanistic approach, founded by Carl Rogers to promote human psychological growth.
The aim was to help people achieve a . The Person-Centred Approach developed from the work of the psychologist Dr.
In s to s, Carl Rogers approach to therapy was considered revolutionary. His specialist knowledge didn’t come from a theory but rather from his clinical therapy.
Carl Rogers' Theory of Person Centered Therapy - The theories of Carl Rogers brought about much change to the world of psychology. He was the first to publish .