Many historians label this period the beginning of the welfare state [Welfare state: A state or a country where the government provides welfare benefits such as education, health care, and unemployment payment to its population free at the point of use, although paid for by general taxation. The dynamism and positive achievements of these governments make them look much better than the governments that came before or after them.
The influence of Gladstonian liberalism declined with the rise of modern liberalism. The split within liberalism led to the rise of modern liberalism within the Liberal Party, and the de-emphasis of what some refer to as "classical" liberalism, which had allegedly been the dominant ideology within the party.
The split within liberalism occurred when many liberals viewed threats to individual liberty arising from sources other than the state, such as from the concentration of money, the amalgamation of power, or in the destitution of the poor, the sick, or the elderly.
Modern liberalism was an ideology which promoted an active government as the best guardian of liberty — both theoretical liberty and effective liberty — through government aid. These investigations helped change attitudes towards the causes of poverty.
Booth carried out extensive research into the poor living conditions and poverty experienced in London, whilst Rowntree made a social investigation into the problems experienced by the poor in York.
These investigations provided statistical evidence for genuine moral concern for the poor. They stated that illness and old age were greater causes of poverty than idleness and moral weakness.
Rowntree was himself a close friend of Lloyd George, after the two met in after Lloyd George became President of the Board of Trade. Rowntree himself hoped that his proposals could influence Liberal policy.
The threat from the emerging Labour Party. Socialism was an increasingly popular ideology. If the Liberals did not put forward popular policies, they were in danger of losing votes and handing the House of Commons to the Conservatives. The trade union movement was growing especially during the period — Unless living conditions were improved, there were genuine concerns that workers may turn to communism or rebellion.
The condition of soldiers during the Boer War was considered unacceptable. The British government had trouble enlisting enough able-bodied recruits to the British army.
The emergence of public works schemes set up to improve living conditions which were often run by the Liberals raised the possibility that such schemes could occur on a national scale. Slum housing was also cleared for new houses to be built.
Much of this legislation was left for local authorities to implement — their attitudes affected whether legislation was fully implemented. The Nonconformists who formed a major Liberal constituency, were outraged at the help to their theological enemies, but failed to repeal it.
Beer and liquor consumption fell in half from toin part because there were many new leisure opportunities.
However, many local councils ignored this system, as it was not compulsory for them to provide the free meals and the cost to the council was far greater than was subsidised for. The provision of free school meals was made compulsory inin which year fourteen million meals per school day were served compared with nine million per school day in most of which were free.
Inhalf of all councils in Britain were offering the scheme. The Act of also provided Local Education Authorities with the power to acquire land for constructing new secondary schools, which led to the coming into being of many county and municipal secondary schools.Edwardian Era and World War I Brief Summary.
Social Studies and English Teacher. Follow • It was a prosperous period of time. 4. EDWARDIAN ERA • Common labor workers and women gained more rights during this period.
• Women’s rights activists wanted to get women jobs and an education. They were hired not only for their skills but also to demonstrate the social standing of their employers—even as they were required to tread softly and blend into the background. and the world they lived in, Servants opens a window onto British society from the Edwardian period to the present.
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Aug 31, · David Lloyd George and Herbert Asquith: Liberals at war Posted on August 31, by The History of Parliament Inspired by the political upheaval in many of our political parties after the Brexit vote, we’ve been looking this summer at .
On 24 November , Prime Minister David Lloyd George gave a speech in Wolverhampton. The Armistice two weeks earlier meant he was ‘the man who won the war’. dubbed ‘the failure of social reform’ has been a long-running exercise for political historians. Was it inevitable that a Conservative-dominated government would recoil .
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