Background[ edit ] Robert David Putnam was born on January 9, in Rochester, New York and grew up in Port Clinton, Ohio where he participated in a competitive bowling league as a teenager. He taught at the University of Michigan until joining the faculty at Harvard inwhere he has held a variety of positions, including Dean of the Kennedy School, and is currently the Malkin Professor of Public Policy.
Table of Contents Social Capital Social capital is the mutual trust and cooperation that arises from the web of connections among people involved in organizations and community groups. For the most part, private activities, not government ones, foster social capital.
The term civil society is sometimes used as a synonym for the relationships that create social capital. In a civil society, social capital flows easily between people. Creating Social Capital Activities that can build social capital include the following: The Collapse and Revival of American Community put the issue of social capital into the context of popular culture.
Putnam noticed that bowling leagues had declined significantly in the last few decades of the twentieth century. People still bowled, but as individuals and informal groups, not as part of a league. Social Capital and Democracy In a democratic society, people must be willing to trust others and tolerate those with whom they disagree.
Without these attitudes, democracy can fail, because democracy is ultimately a cooperative form of government.
Many political scientists regard social capital as essential to democracy because social capital forges bonds between members of the community. These bonds enable people to readily join together. Also, working with others helps build a sense of community and trust among citizens, which, in turn, creates more social capital.
Social Capital and Democratization One of the most difficult tasks for any democratizing country is the building of civil society. Authoritarian regimes discour-age civil society because civil society can form the basis of resistance to the government.
These governments instill fear and mistrust within their citizens, often turning groups and individuals against one another. New democracies sometimes have trouble building community trust and tolerance because their citizens are not used to working together in civil society.
For this reason, nations that seek to help other nations democratize must focus much energy on creating social capital and building civil societies.Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community is a nonfiction book by Robert D.
Putnam. It was developed from his essay entitled " . Bowling Alone Summary & Study Guide Robert D. Putnam This Study Guide consists of approximately 40 pages of chapter summaries, quotes, character analysis, themes, and more - everything you need to sharpen your knowledge of Bowling Alone.
Robert D. Putnam is the Peter and Isabel Malkin Professor of Public Policy at Harvard University. Nationally honored as a leading humanist and a renowned scientist, he has written fourteen books and has consulted for the last four US grupobittia.comed on: August 07, Author: Robert Putnam Assembled by Stan Rowland Putnam’s research, understanding and analysis of social capital.
I also did extensive The book, Bowling Alone is the result of this extensive research which lists 14 key questions to ask which measure social capital. An Analysis of Robert D.
Putnam’s Bowling Alone By Elizabeth Morrow with Lindsay Scorgie-Porter WAYS IN TO THE TEXT Key Points • The American academic . In his book, Bowling Alone, American sociologist Robert Putnam argues that Americans have become disconnected from one another and from the institutions of their common life and investigates the consequences of this change.